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ArcGIS-ESRIGeospatial - GISsuiga fou

ArcGIS – Fofo mo 3D

O le fa'afanua o lo tatou lalolagi o se mea e mana'omia i taimi uma, ae o aso nei e le na'o le fa'ailoaina po'o le su'eina o elemene po'o vaega i totonu o se ata fa'apitoa; Ole taimi nei e mana'omia le va'aia o le si'osi'omaga i itu e tolu ina ia maua ai se malamalamaga sili atu ile va'aiga fa'afanua.

Geographic Information Systems o suʻesuʻega faʻafanua faʻafanua ma meafaigaluega tau pulega, lea e mafai ai ona faia faʻataʻitaʻiga o le siosiomaga e malamalama ai i socio-spatial, natura ma tekinolosi faʻagasologa o loʻo tutupu i se eria. O Esri o loʻo taʻimua i le atinaʻeina o fofo e faʻatatau i le "Location intelligence", ua faʻamalosia ai le faʻagasologa o le fausiaina o le olaga (AEC) e ala i le tuʻufaʻatasia o ana meafaigaluega.

I le 3D scenario, o ituaiga elemene eseese o loʻo faʻatautaia, e pei o faʻamatalaga mai masini mamao, BIM, IoT e maua ai le faʻataʻitaʻiga o luga e latalata i le mea moni e mafai. O le ArcGIS o se tasi o oloa Esri e lagolagoina faʻamatalaga 3D (faʻatasi ai ma faʻamatalaga XYZ), e pei o le lidar point clouds, multipatch, poʻo meshes, poʻo le geometry vector faigofie e pei o laina poʻo polygons.

E manino lava o le 3D trend e le mafai ona toe faʻafoʻiina, o se tasi o foliga o loʻo faʻatinoina e fofo GIS i aso nei ma o loʻo faʻatauaina e tagata faʻaoga i aso uma o se faʻamuamua maualuga. O lea, i se talanoaga ma laʻu paaga i le Geospatial World Conference, na matou filifili e galulue i se tusiga e uiga i le ESRI.

Ina ia talanoa e uiga i fofo ESRI, e tatau ona e iloa atili e uiga i le siosiomaga atoatoa, lea e aofia ai i le taimi nei fofo e oo lava mo masaga numera (fuafuaina masaga, masaga Fausiaina, Masaga Faagaioiga ma Masaga Collaboration), lea o le a tatou paʻi atu i se isi tusiga ae i lenei. tulaga o le a tatou vaai i ai mai le optics o le tagata e le faʻapitoa tagata faʻaoga o loʻo suʻesuʻe mo le toetoe lava a turnkey fofo.

O le faʻaogaina o faʻamatalaga 3D i ArcGIS e tuʻuina atu e fofo e pei o: Drone2Map, ArcGIS Pro, ArcGIS Earth, ArcGIS CityEngine. Ua faia e Esri se taumafaiga faʻapitoa e faʻaleleia ana vaega ma faʻamalosia ana fofo e faʻaleleia atili ai le tuʻufaʻatasia o le GIS + BIM, lea e faʻaliliuina i le pulea lelei o punaoa ma taulaga. O lo'o iai fo'i se mafutaga vavalalata ma isi faiga fa'ata'ita'iga CAD po'o 3D (Revit, Infraworks, ifc), lea e ala i fa'apipi'i po'o fa'aopoopo e mafai ona fa'atagaina fa'amatalaga fa'apitoa a le GIS. E le gata i lea, o faʻataʻitaʻiga na gaosia i polokalama faʻapitoa e pei o Revit e mafai ona vaʻaia saʻo i le ArcGIS Pro, e aunoa ma le alu i se filifili o suiga poʻo suiga.

E leʻi leva talu ai na maua ai e Esri kamupani e lua e faʻaleleia ai ona gafatia 3D. Zibumi ma nFrames -SURE DevelopersTM-. Tasi mo le fatuina, tuʻufaʻatasia ma faʻataʻitaʻiga o faʻamaumauga 3D, ma le lona lua o se polokalame toe faʻaleleia luga, lea e mafai ai ona faʻatino suʻesuʻega 3D ma faʻatautaia le puʻeina o faʻamaumauga i se auala otometi atoatoa.

Ae, o le a le aoga o le 3D gafatia o ArcGIS?

I le mea muamua, latou te faʻatagaina le faʻatulagaina o taʻiala mo fuafuaga faʻafanua, mai le pulega o auaunaga / meafaigaluega, cadastre, i le iloiloga o le siosiomaga o loʻo siomia ai se fale. E aoga mo le taulimaina o le tele o faʻamaumauga -Big Data– ma fa'atasi ma isi polokalame.

Ole 3D gafatia ole ArcGIS e mafai ona aoteleina ile lisi lea:

  • Va'aiga fa'amatalaga 3D
  • Fausia fa'amaumauga 3D ma vaaiga
  • Puleaina o fa'amaumauga (su'esu'e, fa'asa'o ma fa'asoa)

E ui lava o loʻo i luga e le gata i lea, ae faʻapea foʻi le fesoʻotaʻiga o faiga na atiaʻe e Esri, latou te ofoina atu le faigofie i le faʻaogaina o 2D, 3D, KML, BIM faʻamaumauga, suʻesuʻega faʻafanua ma fefaʻatauaʻiga, ma meafaigaluega faʻafanua sili ona mamana. O se aotelega lenei o le 4 ESRI fofo faʻapitoa o loʻo taʻua muamua:

1.ArcGIS CityEngine

Faatasi ai ma lenei polokalama o le a mafai ai e le tagata faʻaoga ona mamanuina ma faʻataʻitaʻiina ana vaaiga, faʻasaoina, faʻamalosia auala ma isi elemene. E mafai ona e fa'aogaina fa'amatalaga moni o le olaga pe fa'atupuina se si'osi'omaga fa'atusa atoa. Lagolagoina tulafono a le Python ma galuega faʻatometi. E ui lava e tutoʻatasi mai le ArcGIS, e le o lona uiga o faʻamaumauga na gaosia i le CityEngine e le o tuʻufaʻatasia ma e mafai ona faʻafesoʻotaʻi i le ArcGIS Online e faʻasalalau ma faʻasoa.

Faatasi ai ma le CityEngine e mafai ona e faia ni faʻataʻitaʻiga faʻamalosi o aai, o loʻo i ai se atinaʻe faʻapitoa faʻapitoa e faʻafetaui i manaʻoga o le suʻega. Ose faiga fa'afeso'ota'i e lagolagoina le tele o fa'asologa mai so'o se isi lava GIS po'o fa'ata'ita'iga/inisinia software. E pei lava o le ArcGIS pro, e teuina au faʻamatalaga i luga ole laulau e tusa ai ma o latou uiga.

2. Drone2 Map

Drone2Map o se faiga e mafai ai ona faʻaalia ma faʻaalia faʻamatalaga na puʻeina e drones, lea e mulimuli ane liua i se oloa faʻafanua 3D. E ui lava e fa'atupuina ai fa'amatalaga 2D e pei ole orthophotomosaics, fa'ata'ita'iga fa'afanua numera, po'o laina fa'asologa.

E le gata i le puleaina o faʻamatalaga a tagata faʻaoga, e mafai ai ona sili atu le faia o filifiliga pe a fuafuaina se vaʻalele puʻeina faʻamatalaga. E mafai ona faʻaaogaina i le faagasologa o le vaʻalele ma siaki pe faʻafetaui lelei vaaiga i mea e manaʻomia. O loʻo tuʻufaʻatasia ma ArcGIS (ArcGIS Online, ArcGIS Desktop, ma Atinaʻe), lea e mafai ai ona faʻatautaia ma fefaʻasoaaʻi faʻamatalaga uma. Drone2Map o se oloa na atiaʻe i le galulue faʻatasi ma Pix4D.

3.ArcGIS Pro

3D gafatia e faʻapipiʻi faʻapitoa i totonu o le faiga, o lona uiga o soʻo se faʻamatalaga faʻamatalaga e mafai ona liua i se ata 3D. O nisi o ana galuega faatino o: Voxel e vaʻaia faʻamatalaga 3D faʻatasi ma voxel cubes, tausia o 2D, 3D ma 4D faʻamaumauga, faʻapipiʻi GIS desktop ma le upega tafaʻilagi e faʻasoa faʻamatalaga.

I le ArcGIS Pro e tele ituaiga o foliga:

    • Polygons, points/multipoints ma laina o elemene ia e alu mai le 2D i le 3D pe a aofia ai faʻatauga Z.
    • Telepatch po'o multipatch fa'auigaina o ni atigi meafaitino o lo'o faia i foliga 3D polygon. O nei fa'alapotopotoga e mafai ona maua tulaga o fa'amatalaga ma e mafai ona faia i ni auala 'ese'ese.
    • Fa'ailoga 3D lea e teu ma fa'atautaia ai foliga ile geodatabase fa'atasi ai ma le nofoaga ma le 3D geometry mesh
    • Fa'amatalaga: O mea ia e mana'omia e iloa ai pe fa'amatala ai mea.

4. ArcGIS I totonu

O se talosaga e mafai ai ona faia se "inventory" o aseta ma mea faʻapipiʻi i totonu o se fale. O lenei mea e manaʻomia ai le mamanu ma le georeferencing o faʻamaumauga i le CAD software, lea e faʻatautaia mulimuli ane i le GIS. O se meafaigaluega e faʻalauteleina ai le faʻaleleia o le pulega o fale, tuʻuina atu i faʻalapotopotoga "le gafatia e faʻamalamalama lelei, tuʻufaʻatasia, ma tuʻufaʻatasia avanoa e lagolago atili ai galuega, fesoʻotaʻiga, ma gaosiga" Esri. E galue e ala i le faʻalauteleina o le ArcGIS Pro, upega tafaʻilagi ma telefoni feaveaʻi, ma se faʻataʻitaʻiga faʻamatalaga i totonu.

5. ArcGIS Earth

Ose va'aiga fa'amatalaga, fa'aalia ose kelope fegalegaleai. O iina e mafai ona e su'esu'e ai fa'amatalaga, fai su'esu'ega, fa'asoa fa'amatalaga, fai fua ma fa'aopoopo fa'amaumauga e pei o .KML, .KMZ, .SHP, .CSV ma isi mea. E matua leai se totogi ma o lona atina'e e faigofie ona fa'aoga.

E tatau ona taʻua, o se mea atonu e le iloa e le toʻatele, o le 3D faʻataʻitaʻiga gafatia o fofo Esri ua oʻo atu i le tele o le lau tele, faʻatagaina nei elemene faʻapitoa e faʻatupuina i se auala latou te vaʻai latalata ai i le tele. mata, mea moni – pei o le ata Disney Pixar The Incredibles -.  Esri o loʻo faʻaauau pea ona peti i le faʻafouina, fatuina o meafaigaluega e mafai ai ona tatou malamalama i le faʻaogaina o le vateatea, o loʻo faʻaaogaina agafesootai ma le siosiomaga, ma e mafai ai e tagata uma e faia le ola i se avanoa ona auai, vaʻavaʻai, ma faia filifiliga saʻo mo se manuia faʻatasi. .

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