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ArcGIS-ESRICartografiaGeospatial - GISQgis

Lisi o polokalame fa'aoga ile va'aiga mamao

E le mafaitaulia mea faigaluega e fa'agasolo ai fa'amaumauga e maua mai i le va'aiga mamao. Mai ata satelite i faʻamaumauga a le LIDAR, peitaʻi, o lenei tusiga o le a atagia ai nisi o polokalama sili ona taua mo le taulimaina o lenei ituaiga o faʻamaumauga. Aʻo leʻi amataina le polokalame, e tatau ona maitauina e eseese ituaiga o faʻamaumauga e tusa ai ma a latou auala e maua ai, pe e ala i satelite galue / passive poʻo UAV.

Polokalama mo le fa'agaioiina o fa'amaumauga fa'amaumauga

QGIS: Quantum GIS o se faʻamatalaga tatala GIS platform, i le tele o tausaga na faʻaopoopoina ai le tele o galuega faʻapitoa ma faʻamaeʻaina ina ia maua ai e le tagata suʻesuʻe le avanoa e gaosia ma maua ai ituaiga o oloa eseese. O le mea manaia e uiga i lenei faʻavae e mafai ona faʻapipiʻiina e le tagata faʻaoga, faʻaopoopo i le GIS faʻavae, e tele faʻapipiʻi e fetaui ma galuega a le au suʻesuʻe.

O se tasi o meafaigaluega e mafai ona faʻaaogaina o le Orpheus Pusa Meafaigaluega, o lo'o i ai geoalgorithm aoga tele pe a su'eina fa'amaumauga mai se ata satelite, pe telespectral po'o le radar. O nisi o galuega e mafai ona e mauaina o le: Radiometric calibration, lagolago mo faʻataʻitaʻiga numera maualuga, band algebra, filiga, faʻailoga leitio, faʻavasegaina, faʻavasegaina, suʻesuʻega suiga.

E mafai foi ona e faaopoopo le Semiautomatic Classification plugin, o loʻo tuʻuina atu ai isi ituaiga o meafaigaluega faʻapitoa mo ata muamua faʻagaioiga, e pei o le suiga mai le numera numera i le atagia. O faʻamatalaga o se vaega tele o masini faʻaogaina i le taimi nei ua uma ona utaina. Ae mo faʻamatalaga lidar, i le Qgis 3 e mafai ona vaʻaia e ala i le meafaigaluega LAStools. 


ArcGIS: O se tasi o polokalama sili ona atoatoa mo le puleaina o faʻamatalaga geospatial. O lo'o i ai le tele o galuega fa'atino i totonu ma fafo atu o le fa'avae e ausia ai le tu'ufa'atasiga moni o fa'amaumauga. I lana faʻasalalauga lata mai o le ArcGIS pro, e sili atu mea faigaluega mo le puleaina o faʻamatalaga satelite - ata - na faʻaopoopoina. O loʻo iai foʻi isi faʻapipiʻi e pei o le "Drone2map" faʻamalosia e Pix4D e fatu ai 2D, 3D oloa mai faʻamatalaga drone ma ESRI SiteScan, faʻatulagaina mo faʻafanua drone faʻavae i luga o le ao, vaega o le ArcGIS ecosystem, lea e faʻaogaina ai ata. multispectral, thermal ma RGB. 

O fofo a Esri mo le faʻaogaina o faʻamatalaga geospatial e masani lava ona atoatoa ma saʻo, o le mea lea e taʻua ai o se taʻitaʻi i le geotechnologies alamanuia.


Sopi: Le SoPI (Polokalame Fa'atonu Ata) o se polokalama faʻapipiʻi e le CONAE (National Commission for Space Activities of Argentina). Faatasi ai ma lenei mea e mafai ai ona vaʻavaʻai, faʻatautaia ma auʻiliʻili faʻamaumauga satelite; e matua leai se totogi ma o lona atinaʻe e faigofie ona faʻapipiʻi / faʻaogaina. O lona si'osi'omaga o le 2D/3D ma o lo'o fausia i lalo o le fausaga o le Geographic Information System. 


ERDAS: Ose polokalame fa'apitoa ile fa'agaioia o fa'amaumauga fa'a-geospatial, fa'amalosia e Hexagon Geospatial. tu'ufa'atasia meafaigaluega GIS, photogrammetry, lagolago ma au'ili'ili o ata fa'apitoa -multispectral ma hyperspectral-, radar ma LIDAR. Faatasi ai ma lenei mea e mafai ona e maua ai le 2D, 3D ma faʻafanua vaaiga (mo faʻataʻitaʻiga faʻataʻitaʻi faigofie). E tu'ufa'atasia mea faigaluega e pei o: fua, fa'atonuga fa'amaumauga o vete, fa'aogaina o fa'amaumauga a le Google Earth, fa'aaliga metadata.

O Erdas o loʻo faʻaalia e ala i le avea o se tulaga maualuga maualuga e mafai ai e le tagata suʻesuʻe ona sili atu ona aoga e ala ia latou galuega. O le taulimaina o lenei polokalama e manaʻomia ai sina poto i le vaʻaia mamao, peitaʻi, e le faigata ona aʻoaʻoina. E lua ituaiga o laisene: Va'ai Va'ai Essentials, i se tulaga fa'avae, ma IMAGINE Advantage mo tagata fa'apitoa.


NA OU LA'U: O le Envi o le isi polokalame fa'apitoa mo le fa'aogaina o fa'amatalaga fa'amatalaga mamao. E fa'avae i luga ole IDL (Interactive Data Language), lea e ofoina atu le fa'avasegaina o ata, fa'avasegaga fa'apitoa ma galuega mo se poto masani fa'aoga.

O le su'ega e ofoina atu galuega e mafai ona tu'ufa'atasia ma isi fa'avae e pei ole ESRI's ArcGIS. O lenei polokalama e lagolagoina ituaiga uma o ata, e le gata i masini ea ma satelite (multispectral, hyperspectral, LIDAR, thermal, radar ma isi ata) E lagolagoina le tele o le faʻapipiʻiina o seti faʻamaumauga, e aofia ai faʻamatalaga faʻamatalaga 3D, suʻesuʻega o saini faʻapitoa i isi. O le ENVI suite e aofia ai: ENVI, ENVI mo ArcGIS, ENVI EX, ma SARScape.


PCI Geomatics: PCI Geomatics, na atiaʻe mo le vaʻaia, faʻasaʻo, faʻaogaina o ata mai masini faʻapitoa, ata faʻaola, radar poʻo drones. Faʻafetai i lona GDB (Generic Database) tekinolosi, e fetaui ma le itiiti ifo ma le 200 ituaiga o faʻatulagaga, o le mea lea, o loʻo i ai le gafatia e faʻatautaia le tele o voluma o faʻamaumauga o loʻo teuina i faʻamaumauga e pei o Oracle.

E iai fa'apitoa fa'apitoa mo le fa'agaioiina o fa'amatalaga. Mo se faʻataʻitaʻiga, faʻatasi ai ma le Orthoengine, e mafai ona e faʻatinoina faʻasologa faʻapitoa, mosaics, ma faʻatupuina faʻataʻitaʻiga maualuga numera.


le vave: O le SNAP (Sentinel Application Platform) o se polokalama ESA, faʻamoemoe mo le faʻaaliga, muamua ma le maeʻa o le gaosiga o oloa Sentinel platform, e ui lava e faʻamaonia le vaʻaia o ata mai isi satelite. 

O le faiga e vaevaeina i ni vaega poʻo ni pusa meafaigaluega e faʻatatau i le faʻataʻitaʻiga o le satelite. O pusa meafaigaluega taitasi e fa'apipi'i eseese (Sentinel-1Sentinel-2Sentinel-3SMOS ma PROBA-V) ma lagolagoina foi le avanoa e faʻapipiʻi ai le faiga e galulue ai ma le Python (SNAPISTA). E matua'i atoatoa, lea e mafai ai ona e fa'aopoopoina fa'amatalaga vector pei o shapefiles ma fa'amatalaga mai auaunaga a le WMS. E feso'ota'i sa'o i le Copernicus Open Access Hub e maua sa'o mai oloa a Sentinel.


gvSIG:  O le interoperable free software lea i le tele o tausaga ua faʻaleleia le fegalegaleaiga i le va o le tagata faʻaoga ma le faiga. E maua ai galuega mo le pulega faʻaili, faʻamatalaga o ROI's, filiga, faʻavasegaina, fusi, mosaics, multispectral transformations, calibration to reflectance values, index generation, decision trees poʻo mosaics e ala i se faʻaopoopoga o loʻo faʻapipiʻiina i le polokalame. E le gata i lea, o loʻo i ai le lagolago mo faʻamatalaga lidar i le faatulagaga. LAS, ma DielmoOpenLidar (se polokalama e leai se totogi ma le GNU GPL laisene e faʻavae i luga o le gvSIG), mo le fausiaina o talaaga, faʻatonuga lelei ma le puleaina o ao mataʻutia.


SAGA: System for Automated Geoscientific Analyzes o se polokalame tatala punaoa, e ui lava o loʻo faʻatulagaina o se GIS, o loʻo i ai algorithms mo le faʻaogaina o ata satelite talu ai e sau ma le faletusi GDAL. Fa'atasi ai, o oloa e pei o fa'ailoga o la'au, fusuaga, va'aiga fa'amaumauga, ma le iloiloga o le ufiufi o ao i se vaaiga e mafai ona fa'atupuina.


Google Lalolagi afi: Faatasi ai ma le Google Earth Engine, e mafai e le tagata suʻesuʻe ona vaʻavaʻai i faʻamatalaga geospatial, o mea uma i totonu o se fausaga faʻatulagaina i le ao. E teuina se numera tele o ata satelite ma faʻatasi ai ma nei mea e mafai ona faʻaalia i se auala le tumau i suiga o luga talu ai e aofia ai ata faʻasolopito. 

O se tasi o mea e sili ona manaia o le faʻatagaina lea o le auʻiliʻiliga o faʻamaumauga tetele e ala i le tuʻufaʻatasia o ana API i le JavaScript ma le Python. E tu'ufa'atasia le tele o fa'amaumauga o ituaiga uma, mai le tau, geophysical i le demographic. E fa'ataga ai le fa'aopoopoina o fa'amatalaga a le tagata fa'aoga i fa'asologa uma o raster ma vector.

Polokalama mo LIDAR ma Drone fa'amaumauga fa'amaumauga

Pix4Dmapper: Ose polokalame e taula'i i le vaega o le photogrammetric, e fa'atatau i le tu'uina atu o vaifofo mo galuega maualuluga. E ala i ana meafaigaluega, e mafai ona e pulea ao mataʻutia, faʻataʻitaʻiga maualuga, 3D meshes mai faʻamatalaga mamao mamao, ma fatuina orthomosaics. 

O lo'o i ai fa'atinoga manuia tele i le taimi o le muai ma le mae'a o fa'amaumauga. E fa'aaogaina lautele i fa'ato'aga sa'o, fa'atupuina fa'afanua zoning e fa'ailoa ai nofoaga fa'ato'aga. Talia ituaiga o oloa nei i le umi e iai i le .JPG po'o le .TIF: ata RGB, ata drone, multispectral, thermal, 360º ata pu'eata, vitiō po'o le fa'atulagaina o ata pu'eata.


Global Mapper: O se meafaigaluega taugofie lea e tuʻufaʻatasia ai meafaigaluega lelei mo le faʻaogaina o faʻamatalaga faʻafanua, talu ai e lagolagoina ituaiga eseese o faʻasologa, ma tuʻuina saʻo avanoa i faʻamaumauga eseese o ata maualuga e pei o DigitalGlobe. Afai e te manaʻo e faʻagasolo faʻamatalaga LIDAR-ituaiga, e mafai ona e faʻaopoopo saʻo i le LAS ma le LASzip format, i lona faʻamatalaga lata mai na faʻaleleia ai le saoasaoa o le tuʻuina atu e maua ai se poto masani faʻaoga. 


Drone faifaipea: E pei o le Propeller, Drone Deploy o se polokalame mo le photogrammetry area, e aofia ai mea uma mai le vaega muamua o le faʻaogaina o le puʻeina e maua ai le ata 3D. Faatasi ai ma lenei mea e mafai: e pulea le vaalele a le UAV (faʻapitoa DJI drones), o loʻo i ai meafaigaluega e fua ai e pei o le vaega ma le voluma. E mafai ona maua fua fa'atasi ai ma tapula'a po'o se fa'asologa atoa e mana'omia ai se totogifuapauina laisene. E aoga tele pe a e manaʻo e faʻamaonia le aofaʻi o ituaiga o laʻau, vaega o faʻatoʻaga i le tulaga muamua poʻo le tulaga mulimuli, faʻaopoopo i le suʻesuʻeina o faʻafanua tele ma infrared i totonu o DroneDeploy.


DroneMapper ose polokalama e ofoina atu le aoga o se GIS, i totonu o se faʻavae e faʻagasolo ai ata photogrammetric. E lua fa'aliliuga e tusa ai ma mana'oga o le au su'esu'e, tasi e leai se totogi ma le isi e totogi mo le silia ma le €160 i le tausaga. O se tasi o polokalama e le faʻavae i luga o le ao mo le faʻaogaina o faʻamaumauga, ae o faʻatonuga uma e faia i le lotoifale. O lona uiga e tatau i le komepiuta ona fa'amalieina uiga fa'amanatu ina ia mafai ai ona teuina ma fa'agasolo lelei faiga. E ala i le DroneMapper e mafai ona e gaosia Fa'ata'ita'i Elevation Digital ma Orthomosaics ile Geotiff Format. 


Agisoft Metashape: Faatasi ai ma Agisoft Metashape, sa taʻua muamua o Agisoft Photoscan, o le tagata faʻaoga e iai le avanoa e faʻaogaina ai ata, faʻailoga ao, faʻatupu faʻataʻitaʻiga maualuga, poʻo faʻataʻitaʻiga faʻafanua numera ma le saʻo lelei e faʻaoga i talosaga GIS. O lona atinaʻe e faigofie ona faʻaoga ma o loʻo i ai se fausaga faʻamaumauga i le ao mo tagata faʻaoga Metashape faʻapolofesa. O se polokalame e manaʻomia ai se laisene, o le tulaga masani e sili atu i le $170 ma le Porofessional e sili atu i le $3000. E fafaga i le Agisoft community e faʻaleleia algorithms e faʻaogaina ai faʻamaumauga.

Golgi Alvarez

Tusitala, tagata su'esu'e, fa'apitoa i Fa'ata'ita'iga Fa'afoe o Fanua. Na auai o ia i le faʻavasegaina ma le faʻatinoina o faʻataʻitaʻiga e pei o: National System of Property Administration SINAP i Honduras, Faʻataʻitaʻiga o le Pulega o Malo Soofaatasi i Honduras, Faʻataʻitaʻiga Faʻatasi o le Pulega Cadastre - Resitala i Nicaragua, Faiga Faʻatonu a le Teritori SAT i Colombia . Fa'atonu o le Geofumadas malamalama blog talu mai le 2007 ma le na faia le AulaGEO Academy lea e aofia ai le sili atu i le 100 vasega ile GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins autu.

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